The Emerging Shield, the Air Force and the Evolution of Continental Air Defense 1945-1960, by Kenneth Schaffel, 1953-1988, for the Office of Air Force History, Pages 77,78 beginning with Paragraph 4 on Page 77

After moving from the west coast to participate in the war games, the 505th was expected to remain in the east. ADC planned to concentrate its meager radar warning and control resources in the northeastern United States pending approval and funding of the Radar Fence Plan, but its plans were abruptly and drastically altered late in March 1948. With no advanced warning, Headquarters USAF directed that an emergency air defense system be established to operate around the clock in Alaska and the Pacific Northwest. Shortly after, First Air Force in the east was ordered to put its fighter units on alert. The usefulness of this move was uncertain since First Air Force did not yet control the services of the 505th and thus lacked any type of radar warning and control capability. 119  These events began Thursday, March 25, when Spaatz suddenly informed the Air Staff that he wanted Alaskan air defenses "augmented" immediately.120

119 History, 1AF, Jan-Jun 1948

120 HQ USAF Interstaff memo, Brig Gen Edward J. Timberlake to Maj Gen Samuel E. Anderson, Mar 25, 1948, USAFHRC microfilm]

The following day, a top secret message over his signature went to Alaskan Air Command directing it to 'place existing radar warning [units] on continuously operating basis by 4 April.'121

121 Ibid

Skipping to last paragraph on page 78:

"Spaatz initiated emergency air defense measures in March 1948 for a number of reasons. First, it is clear that, contrary to the views of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) (established in 1947 under the provisions of the National Security Act) and by the intelligence divisions of the Army and Navy, Air Force intelligence believed the United States in danger of surprise attack from the Soviet Union."

Important Information Pertaining to the Aztec Case Found Here

My Take on the "new" Majestic Documents that refer to the Aztec story

Three articles dealing with my research into the date 25 March 1948

Please ignore references to my old Blog

Some Information obtained from the Central Intelligence Agency's On-Line Library, There is scant evidence to bolster the Russians Are About To Attack scenario, to explain the air alert beginning on the morning of 25 March 1948

Cabell's directive to the CIA re: Unconventional Aircraft in 1950. Note that this predates the Robertson Panel by three years!

   Some Background Information On

                The UFO Program



In September, 1947, a request was made for an investigation of the numerous sightings of unexplainable airborne objects being reported across the United States. The Air Material Command, at Wright Field, Ohio, were to disseminate the pertinent information they gathered to all the respective groups and agencies with a need to know on UFOs. Who were some of these agencies?

According to  a secret memo written to and requested by Brig. General George Schulgen, AC/AS-2, it was “…to include the preparation of complete sets of all available and pertinent data which will then be made available to the Army, Navy, Atomic Energy Commission, JRDB, the Air Force Scientific Advisory Group, NACA, and the RAND and NEPA projects for comments and recommendations”           (see image at right)

"1.  As requested by AC/AS-2 there is presented below the considered opinion of this Command concerning the so-called "Flying Discs...This opinion was arrived at in a conference between personnel from the Air Institute of Technology, Intelligence T-2, Office, Chief Engineering Division, and the Aircraft, Power Plant and Propeller Laboratories of Engineering Division T-3."


This was originally obtained from Now try Fold3

According to the official record, General Carl Spaatz, Chief of Air Staff, signed the official order to create a special group to do the investigation, on 30 December 1947. Unofficially referred to as Project Saucer, its first official title became: Project SIGN.


Colonel Howard McCoy, of the Intelligence Department of the Air Material Command, at  Wright Field, mentioned it in a speech given to the Air Force Scientific Advisory Board, along with information about Project: Paperclip. (see below)

see:  Fold3

 "We have over 300 reports which haven't been publicized in the papers, from very competent personnel, in many instances-men as capable as Dr. K. D. Wood, and practically all Air Force, Airlines people with broad experience." 

Colonel McCoy continued with, "I can't even tell you how much we would give to have one of those crash in an area so that we could recover whatever they are"

This statement is interesting for many reasons. The same phraseology had been utilized at other times to call attention to the fact that no artifacts from any unknown object had been recovered, or analyzed by the Intelligence departments of our government.


One of the first showed up on one of the pages of the Schulgen memo, "(2) The lack of physical evidence in the shape of crash recovered exhibits which would undeniably prove the existence of these objects."    (see image at Left)

Again, originally from

                            Now see:  Fold3

This statement is also somewhat puzzling, in that the opinion offered, according to the SECRET memo to General Schulgen, had been done so by the engineering departments who specialized in studying physical artifacts, such as captured foreign aircraft. Why would they be the ones to author the report? And what was their opinion?

"a. The phenomenon reported is something real and not visionary or fictitious. b. There are objects probably approximating the shape of a disc, of such appreciable size as to appear to be as large as man-made aircraft."

Not only did they consider the "Flying Discs" real, but according to one-time Deputy Director of both the Central Intelligence Group, and the Central Intelligence Agency, Colonel, and then Brig. General Edwin K. Wright, debris had indeed been recovered and analyzed.

In a classified memo regarding the so-called "Ghost Rockets" seen over Sweden after World War Two, then Colonel Wright said, "Although ten such missiles have fallen within Sweden, the Swedish General Staff has as yet been unable to reach firm conclusions on the basis of the fragments recovered"

(see: UFOs and Government © 2012 the UFO History Group; Chapter2: Ghost               Rockets ; The document is reproduced on pages 22 and 23 )

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